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Radio Spectrum

Published: Sep 2012 | No Of Pages: 84 | Published By: IDate

Product Synopsis

The continuous explosion of mobile data traffic is fuelling demand for more mobile spectrum, the world over. With an overview of major trends in radio spectrum management in Europe, the USA and Asia-Pacific, this report reviews the main issues raised in WRC-12, the regulatory environment, spectrum refarming and new bands, and spectrum valuation. It features the spectrum database with details of the regulatory situation and updates on spectrum auctions.

1. Executive Summary

2. Methodology

3. Regulatory environment
3.1. Lessons from the World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-12)
3.2. Radio Spectrum Policy Programme (RSPP)
3.2.1. Status and implementation
3.2.2. The spectrum inventory at European level
3.3. Spectrum-sharing schemes
3.3.1. Recent trends
3.3.2. Spectrum sharing advantages and drawbacks
3.3.3. ASA/LSA
3.3.4. White spaces

4. Current status: spectrum availability for mobile broadband
4.1. Current mobile spectrum / Status
4.1.1. Spectrum available in various countries
4.1.2. Analysis of the spectrum assignments for selected operators
4.1.3. Satellite spectrum
4.1.4. Public-safety new spectrum
4.1.5. Spectrum needs
4.2. Spectrum refarming: widely adopted and increasing
4.2.1. Spectrum refarming context
4.2.2. Recent examples of spectrum refarming
4.2.3. LTE 1800 update
4.3. LTE frequency bands today
4.3.1. Spectrum used by commercial LTE networks
4.3.2. TD-LTE status
4.3.3. LTE spectrum fragmentation and the importance of band plans
4.4. Digital Dividend: latest developments time table for a second DD
4.4.1. Status of analogue TV switch-off
4.4.2. The position of TV broadcasting players
4.4.3. 800 MHz band in Europe
4.4.4. Digital Dividend outside Europe
4.4.5. 700 MHz band

5. Freeing new frequency bands for mobile broadband
5.1. Carrier aggregation is part of the answer to asymmetrical traffic
5.2. Where can future MBB spectrum be found?
5.2.1. New MBB spectrum: which frequency bands?
5.2.2. Which users are losing spectrum?
5.2.3. Countries which have already identified new bands for MBB

6. 4G spectrum follow-up / Licences valuation
6.1. Factors playing a role in spectrum valuation
6.2. Price of LTE spectrum
6.2.1. Lessons from 2.6 GHz and UHF band auctions
6.2.2. The Digital Dividend auctions
6.2.3. LTE price estimates

Table 1: Main LTE frequency bands by geographical area
Table 2: Pros and cons of spectrum sharing
Table 3: Advantages and risks/constraints of the LSA concept
Table 4: White spaces status in Europe and in the USA
Table 5: Main frequency bands for UMTS/HSPA/LTE deployment FDD mode
Table 6: Main frequency bands for UMTS/HSPA/LTE deployment TDD mode
Table 7: FDD mobile spectrum availability in Western Europe
Table 8: FDD spectrum assets for selected operators (January 2012)
Table 9: Predicted spectrum requirements by the year 2020 for IMT 2000 and IMT-Advanced
Table 10: Spectrum needs for WRC-2016
Table 11: Spectrum refarming for 3G and LTE
Table 12: 900 MHz band use for 3G
Table 13: State of LTE 1800 deployments and trials
Table 14: Technical aspects associated to LTE 1800
Table 15: Regulatory conditions associated to LTE 1800
Table 16: Main LTE frequency bands by geographical area
Table 17: Main characteristics of frequency bands for LTE
Table 18: LTE device models, by frequency band
Table 19: Availability dates of LTE spectrum
Table 20: LTE spectrum allocations
Table 21: 2.6 GHz award date and conditions
Table 22: Adoption of the TD-LTE technology
Table 23: LTE devices by frequency band
Table 24: Potential use of FDD bands for LTE
Table 25: Potential use of TDD bands for LTE
Table 26: Most likely bands for LTE international roaming
Table 27: Broadcast - Analogue switch-off timetables
Table 28: Clearing cost of the 800 MHz digital dividend in the UK
Table 29: Digital Dividend timetable in Europe (April 2012)
Table 30: Digital Dividend timetable in Asia
Table 31: Digital Dividend timetable in the Americas
Table 32: Possible UE RF architectures for LTE-Advanced resource aggregation
Table 33: Potential new frequency bands for mobile broadband Europe
Table 34: Possible assignments scheduled in 2012/2013
Table 35: Federal spectrum under investigation for future mobile broadband use in the US
Table 36: Future availability of spectrum in India
Table 37: Valuation of 2.6 GHz TDD spectrum (for 10 years)
Table 38: Estimates of LTE spectrum value in Western Europe

Figure 1: Scenario for a second Digital Dividend in Europe, Africa and the Middle-East
Figure 2: Sharing with radars using DFS mechanism
Figure 3: Licensed Shared Access principle
Figure 4: White Spaces principle
Figure 5: White spaces characteristics
Figure 6: TV White Spaces Standards Development
Figure 7: Scope of 802.19.1
Figure 8: Cumulative spectrum in Western Europe
Figure 9: Positioning of ICO and TerreStar in the 2 GHz band (S-band)
Figure 10: S-Band in Europe
Figure 11: Planned EuropaSat S-band payload coverage
Figure 12: Hybrid satellite/terrestrial architecture developed by Solaris Mobile
Figure 13: Spectrum neighbourhood of LightSquared
Figure 14: Broadband spectrum for public safety in the USA
Figure 15: Spectrum surplus/deficit in the USA
Figure 16: T-Mobile USA - refarming plans
Figure 17: The 1800 MHz frequency band
Figure 18: Site coverage in suburban areas
Figure 19: 1800 MHz spectrum in the United Kingdom
Figure 20: Mobile spectrum in the United Kingdom
Figure 21: LTE commercial networks and associated frequency bands
Figure 22: Timetable for LTE spectrum in Western Europe
Figure 23: 700 MHz band plan in the USA
Figure 24: Economic contribution of DTT in seven European countries
Figure 25: Example of UK clearance of 800 MHz after ASO: the 800 MHz band and adjacent spectrum
Figure 26: Scenario for a second Digital Dividend in Europe, Africa and the Middle East
Figure 27: APT 700 MHz plan
Figure 28: APT band plans
Figure 29: Release 10 LTE-Advanced carrier aggregation
Figure 30: Carrier aggregation example
Figure 31: Supplemental downlink principle
Figure 32: 450 MHz spectrum in Brazil
Figure 33: 2300MHz band allocations globally
Figure 34: The 2.3 GHz band in the USA
Figure 35: Harmonised frequency arrangements for the 3.4-3.8 GHz bands
Figure 36: Spectrum used by the defence sector in Europe
Figure 37: Swedish plan for new mobile spectrum
Figure 38: List of countries covered in the spectrum database
Figure 39: 2.6 GHz FDD spectrum price
Figure 40: Price of premium spectrum
Figure 41: Price of new mobile licences/spectrum

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